یه مطلب با عکس از یه سایت انگلیسی براتون
گذاشتم امیدوارم خوشتون بیاد
mans Evolved from Ape-like Ancestors
and whether you 'accept' it or not makes no difference to the fact hat it happened
Genetic throwbacks - evidence that our
distant ancestors possessed tails (more below)
Throwbacks are accidental expressions
of long-dormant genes - in this case,
one that results in the production of a tail
Indian man's 13-inch tail
Thousands of people are queuing up to
worship a man with a 13 inch tail in India.
Chandre Oram, from Alipurduar in West Bengal,
is regarded as an incarnation of Hindu monkey
god Hanuman.Mr Oram also loves climbing
trees and eating bananas, according to
the Press Trust of India.He said: "People
have a lot of faith in me. They are cured
of severe ailments when they touch my tail.
I believe I can do a lot of good to those
who come to me with devotion."However,
doctors say his tail is a rare but known
congenital defect and that he is not a god.
Although it has made Mr Oram an object
of devotion, it has also brought him some
problems.He added: "Almost 20 women
have turned down marriage proposals. They
see me and agree, but as soon as I turn around,
they see my tail and leave."I have decided to
marry the woman who accepts me and my tail.
Or else, I'll remain a bachelor like Hanuman.
"Doctors have offered to remove the tail surgically
but MrOram has refused their help.His sister
Rekha said: "He will not survive without his tail.
It has become part of his being, his existence
Baby with tail 'reincarnation of Hindu god'
Crowds are flocking to Indian temples to see a
Muslim baby with a 'tail' who is believed to be the
reincarnation of a Hindu god.
The 11-month-old boy has been named Balaji
or Bajrangbali, another name for monkey-faced
He is reported to have a 4in 'tail' caused by genetic
mutations during the development of the foetus.
Iqbal Qureshi, the child's maternal grandfather,
is taking Balaji from temple to temple where people
offer money to see the boy.
Mr Qureshi says the baby has nine spots on his
body like Lord Hanuman and showed them to
journalists, reports Indian newspaper The Tribune.
There have been other cases of babies born with tails.
A report appeared in The New England Journal of
Medicine in 1982 by Dr Fred Ledley.
His paper entitled 'Evolution and the Human Tail'
concerned a baby born with a 2in growth on its back.
Originally from: www.ananova.com/news/story/sm_492558.html
"Genetic storage is a nuance of evolution too often
ignored. Many paleontologists believe that when a
bone disappears in evolution, the genetic blueprint
for that bone is also erased.... But in fact evolution does
not occur in this fashion. Hoatzin's ancestors
never lost the genetic blueprint for producing
Archaeopteryx-style clawed fingers.
Recent advances in genetic research reveal that
most species carry such blueprints that are
"switched off" and can't express their code as
fully formed tissue. In other words, when an
organ has been "lost," most of the time its
blueprint is still there, in genetic storage.
A wealth of evidence supports this theory
of re-expression by genes that have been
turned off for millions of years. Most of it
occurs in throwbacks, the rare appearance
of ancient organs in species that, as a whole,
had lost the anatomical features millions of generations earlier.
A good example is multi-toed horses.
Modern horses belong to the same general
group as tapirs, and tapirs have four toes on
each forefoot. The single-toed modern horse
evolved from a four-toed ancestor. Every so
often a healthy, normal, single-toed mare gives
birth to a colt that has little extra toes
sticking out beside the big main toe.
Zoologists point to this multi-toed foal
as a case where natural processes allow a
bit of the ancestral blueprint to show through,
letting ancient ancestral traits re-express themselves.
Whales offer a more spectacular case.
Modern whales have no hind legs at all, and
even when all the blubber and muscle are
flensed from the hip region, there is no
remnant of the hip bones except a small splint
representing the ilium. Even the oldest-known
fossil whales display only slightly enlarged
hip bones and some remnants of thigh and knee.
But way back in their ancestry whales did have
big hind legs, at a stage when they were land-living
predators. And every once in a while a modern
whale is hauled in with a hind leg, complete with
thigh and knee muscles, sticking out of its side
. These atavistic hind limbs are nothing less than
throwbacks to a totally pre-whale stage of their
existence, some fifty million years old.
Such throwbacks even occur in human infants.
Hospitals occasionally register an entirely
modern-looking baby characterized by all the
expected organs, plus an unexpected tail,
a long, caudal appendage protruding beyond the
buttocks for two or three inches. Some of these
tails are even bigger than the average caudal
remnant displayed by our close kin, the chimps,
gorillas, and orangutans.
Birds with teeth may have appeared ridiculous
to creationists, but in point of fact modern birds
do carry the ancestral genetic code for making
teeth tucked away in their inactive file. No living
species of bird manufactures teeth. But recent
surgical manipulations of bird embryos demonstrate
clearly that the potential is still there. In 1983,
experimenters transplanted tissue from the inner
jaw (dental lamina) of an unhatched chick to an
area of the body tissue, where the graft could
grow. In the transplanted position, the chick's
dental lamina started to produce tooth buds!
Birds with teeth could grow right in the twentieth century."
- Robert T. Bakker, The Dinosaur Heresies,
pp.314-316, New York: William Morrow and Company, 1986